9 Section 1
Armando E., Jacob L., & Geo N.
website will help you learn more about the chapter.
In this lesson it talks about the growth of many
things such as the Supreme Court,
, and Northern Industry. It also talks about the Constitution
growing by adding amendments. It also talks about how the president and
vice president got elected.
votes elected them from every state. Also the person who got the
highest electoral votes became president. The person with the second
highest electoral votes is vice president. Thomas
Jefferson was the
president elected in 1800 and Aaron
Burr became vice-president. The
problem was that they both got the same amount of electoral votes.
Because of this the House of Representatives had to pick.
They picked Thomas Jefferson only because he was more popular.
After that incident, congress passed the 12th amendment.
thought that a strong national government was basically like a monarchy.
He wanted to change that by interpreting the Constitution in a
different way. He
wanted the states to have more power.
As many changes took place in the government, northern life changed as
ís lifestyles changed. By the 1800ís
more people began living in cities. Because of this, they made more
schools, theaters, and libraries. Within a short they had made
commercial stores like grocery stores where you could by manufactured
goods and farm products.
Since the North had larger growing cities, which began to industrialize
within the early 1800ís. Still, some people still lived by the ways of
farming. But when
was president, trade and manufacturing were becoming more
Because the New
England States had unsuited soil for farming, they became more
industrial. The north had enough resources for a industrial region. It
had good transportation, waterpower, fine harbors and raw materials.
South was very different.
In the South there was a lot of slavery and farming.
They had many cash crops, which are crops grown to be sold.
helped the South to pay taxes. Slavery was common in the South. The main
crop was cotton
in the South.
the life of many people change greatly.
About the authors:
Armando E. loves to play soccer and he is
L. loves to play video games and to read. He also loves to read
and Hobbes comics
Geo N. loves to play any sport and he loves to play a game
on the computer called Runescape.
What was unusual about the Election of 1800?
was finally chosen president?
3. Who was chosen to be vice president?
4. What was Jefferson's political party?
5. Who is Spongbob's biggest fan?
got more electoral votes than Aaron Burr.
___John Adams was the
amendment is how the Supreme Court is picked.
was against a strong state government.
___Cotton was grown in
soil in the North was very good.
The Nation Grows
c9s2 - Rachel B. & Julia W.
|The movement of the Americans to the west
began even before the Americans won their independence. In the late
1700ís most of the country stayed close to the
. But in the 1800ís the focus of
turned to the west. The population of
grew quickly. And the need for lands in the west grew as people began to
think the east was becoming overcrowded. Many people began to move west
to escape the people.
But until 1803 the
owned all land up to the
signed a treaty that gave
a large piece of land called the Louisiana
Territory. This was a threat to the
because they needed the
for trade and transportation. The United States was worried they
couldnít get to the
for their trade routes. At the time Napoleon
Bonaparte (French leader) was at war and didnít have time (or the
money) to go through with his plan to set up a French empire there.
Finally he sold the territory to the
for 15 million dollars.
||The land of the
no one knew. So Thomas Jefferson
(our 3rd President) sent William
Clark and Meriwether Lewis along with a Native American named Sacagawea
and a slave named York
to explore the land. They went all the way to the
. It took two years. The Southwest was too much desert. And they decided
settle in the west and not the southwest.
After Lewis ands
ís expedition many people moved out west. The west became a huge
farming industry and the east became a major manufacturing industry.
Because of this trade between the east and west grew. Many voters in the
west called for the government to notice the needs of the people of the
the population in the west grew their say in government grew larger and
larger. The New Englanders began to think the west would over power the
east and out number them in government. The Essex
Junto (a group of the
states) was entirely against the west expansion. The Essex Junto
formed a Northern Confederacy in order to break away from the
and govern themselves. Alexander
Hamilton and other leaders were against the plan and defeated the
Essex Junto completely. In the end the
remained a union.
About the authors:
Rachel B. and Julia W.
are Itasca District #10 TEAM7
students in Mr. Peelís 7th
Grade Social Studies Class.
Julia - swimming,
volleyball, hanging with friends, reading, going
to movies, shopping, and
Rachel - going
to movies, hanging out with friends,
I.M people, volleyball, and playing video games.
1. What was the Essex Junto?
2. Why did America's focus move to the west?
3. Which leader shot down the Essex Junto?
4. Which country controlled the Louisiana Territory before the
5. Name two other people who went with Lewis and Clark?
6. How much did the U.S. pay for the Louisiana Territory?
7. Who was concerned about the growing influence of the West?
8. Which President sent Lewis and Clark?
9. What did the Essex Junto want to form?
10. How many years were Lewis and Clark Gone?
and World Affairs
c9s3 - Amanda B. & Jacqueline C.
In the late 1700ís,
had different attitudes towards
. However, with Napoleonís
rise to power in the early 1800ís, some Americans began to turn against
because the French Revolution gave in to Napoleonís efforts to build a
large empire in
. At the same time however,
other Americans were against
because several British policies worked directly against American rights,
hopes, and goals. Impressment
was the seizure of sailors from American ships and one of the
British policies that angered Americans.
The causes of American anger toward
were caused by blockade, (line of defenses) of Europe, Napoleonís need
for a large empire, and
ís blockade against Napoleon for cutting off the system of trade with
the early 1800ís, many Americans wanted war against
, while others wanted to side with them.
Jefferson was frustrated with some of the British acts, he felt that
wasnít ready yet for war. Because
of this, he followed the path of neutrality, (the policy of favoring
neither one side or the other; neutral).
found out that the American neutrality was hard to protect. One of the
ways he found out was one of the American navy ships ď
Ē was fired upon by the
British warship ďLeopardĒ. Several Americans were killed and wounded,
and four sailors were impressed. This incident brought the two countries
to the edge of war.
|| In 1807, Jefferson put an embargo
(a halt) on all American trade with
hoping to make the other two countries honor American trade rights.
Unfortunately, the Embargo
Act of 1807 hurt
far more than it did for
because it made many Americans suffer from the loss of money and jobs.
On top of all of this, it failed to make
agree to honor them. The
Embargo Act of 1807 was later removed by Congress and Thomas Jefferson.
Madison entered the White House in 1809 intending to follow
Jeffersonís policies of peace and neutrality, but also made his own
calls for war against
. The War Hawks (a powerful
group in Congress) agreed to his ideas.
War Hawks were led by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun and put pressure
to go to war. On the other
hand, New England citizens wanted to go to war with
instead. But in 1812, James
Madison finally decided to ask Congress to declare war against
was not ready to fight such a strong army like
, but luckily the British gave most of their attention to the war against
won many different battles. Some
victories were on Lake
Erie that gave
control over the
. Also, the Battle of Thames
that opened the
to American Settlement. Though,
the British won many battles as well like the burning of
One terrible incident was
the Christmas Eve of 1814 that wasted many lives.
This was because two weeks before the Battle of New Orleans was won
, a treaty was signed to end the war.
And unfortunately, the message did not get to the Americans until
was fought. Finally, after the
War of 1812, the
did not become involved in European wars for almost one hundred years.
In 1814, New England leaders met in
for the Hartford
Convention to make peace with
and to prepare to act as a country separate from the
. This convention proved that
the statesí rights could become a problem and that
depended a lot on overseas trade.
Most blacks in American society of the early 1800ís were slaves
and had few, if any, rights under the law.
As the cotton industry grew, slavery in the South became a greater
problem. At the same time
though, some Americans began to pay more attention to the black slaves.
Many new movements to free blacks began to gain power in
in the early 1800ís. Women
as well did not get equal rights. Therefore,
the needs of women, like the needs of blacks, began to receive some notice
in the years following 1812.
About the authors:
C. & Amanda B.
are Itasca District #10
student in Mr. Peelís 7th
Grade Social Studies Class.
Jacqueline- playing sports especially soccer,
hanging around with my friends, talk on the phone and computer, and
shopping at Woodfield!
Amanda- hanging out with
friends, going to the movies,
talking on the phone, playing sports, shopping, computer!
What were the cause(s) of
American anger toward Great Britain?
Napoleonís need for a
The cutting off of system
trade by Great Britain
All of the above
What was the path that
Thomas Jefferson followed through out his life?
Why did the Embargo Act
of 1807 fail?
Wasnít strong enough
Cost to much money to
Britain and France failed
to honor them
New England and Germany
failed to be loyal to them
What were the ďWar
Powerful group in
Hawks that fought in the
War of 1812
They never existed
Why was the United States
lucky in the war against Britain in 1814?
The British had to give
more attention to the war against Napoleon
They found a four-leaf
The Americans had more
people to fight
They knew the lands
better than Britain
Why were many lives
wasted on Christmas Eve of 1814?
Because the British
didnít show up so they froze
Because two weeks before
they fought there was a treaty signed
Because it was to cold to
None of these
Why was the Hartford
Convention called in New England?
To make peace with
To have war against
To make peace with Great
Britain and to prepare to be separate from the United States
To make peace with the
United States and prepare to be closer to them
Why did slavery become a
greater problem in the South in the early 1800ís?
There was more white
people to serve
No one wanted them
People were more greedy
The cotton industry grew
In what year did women
and the blacks began to receive more attention?
did the Embargo Act of 1807 pass?
December 22, 1807
September 18, 1814
February 5, 1812
July 4, 1807
Go to www.HistoryClassroom.com
for the ch. 9 interactive practice test online!
(Index to other interactive practice tests are on the school's Team7
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Students may also create their own questions which will turn their article into
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Il. or Team7 teachers.)